In Massachusetts, as in all states, you can form a limited liability company, or LLC, to get many of the benefits of a corporation without all the paperwork. An LLC is a business structure allowed by state statute. LLCs are popular because, similar to a corporation, they offer limited liability protection to their owners. Other benefits of an LLC may include pass-through taxation and flexibility in management and governance structures. If you’re thinking about starting an LLC in Massachusetts, here’s what you need to do.
Before we dive in, here’s a really good explanation video on starting an LLC in Massachusetts for those who prefer a video guide.
Benefits of starting an LLC in Massachusetts
There are many benefits to starting your LLC in Massachusetts. As expert start-up guides will advise you, it has the advantage of limited liability protection for its members. It’s more compact than a Corporation or S Corporation.
Limited Liability Protection
One of the most significant benefits of starting your Massachusetts business as an LLC is that it offers limited liability protection, which means that if a lawsuit arises from a customer or client for something you did while operating your business – it won’t follow you home. Rather than the people who own it, the business itself is liable for paying out any damages.
Your personal assets, such as your car or house, are separated from your Massachusetts business assets and aren’t at risk of being taken away if someone sues your business for something you did wrong. Many entrepreneurs start their businesses as LLCs because of this benefit.
An LLC in Massachusetts has the choice of being taxed as a Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, or Corporation. It’s a good deal for start-ups since they don’t have to worry about finding an accountant or anything like that just yet.
Note: Single-Member LLCs are treated as Sole Proprietorships by default.
Minutes of meetings not required
Lastly, one of the benefits of starting your LLC in Massachusetts is that no minutes are required for meetings. People don’t have to travel for monthly meetings or anything like that. They need to follow the operating agreement, which doesn’t take too many hours out of the day.
Massachusetts LLC Rules & Requirements
This is a quick summary of the most important rules and requirements that this article will go through in-depth.
To apply for permission to form an LLC in Massachusetts, the company must have a in Massachusetts. Your LLC’s name must include “Limited Liability Company,” or their abbreviation, “LLC.” It can’t be something that resembles another already existing business. Ensure you as a business owner keep accurate records and reports of your business transactions.
Best Massachusetts LLC Formation Services
If you’re thinking about starting your LLC in Massachusetts, it’s a good idea to use a professional service that can handle the process for you. These services will ensure you get all the necessary paperwork filed correctly and timely so that you don’t have to worry about anything going wrong with your business registration.
Finding the Best LLC Formation Services in Massachusetts
Choosing the best LLC formation services in Massachusetts is an essential first step for anyone looking to start their own. Here are some of the most critical factors you’ll want to consider:
- Customer service/communication
- Integration with accounting software (if necessary)
These factors will help you narrow down your list of potential providers to find the one that provides you with the professional service you need at an affordable price. We have reviewed some of Massachusetts’s best LLC formation services here: Best LLC Formation Services.
As mentioned above, it’s usually recommended that if you’re unfamiliar with this kind of thing, then you should consider allowing LLC formation service providers to help you start your own business here in Massachusetts. These services will ensure that you comply with state law and all the rules and requirements. If anything goes wrong, they’ll have your back so that you don’t have to worry about it.
However, if you’re looking to do it on your own, then you can continue reading our guide on how to start an LLC in the state of Massachusetts.
The following is a step-by-step guide of what you can expect when forming an LLC in Massachusetts:
5 Steps to Starting an LLC in Massachusetts
- Name your Massachusetts LLC
- Choose your Massachusetts Resident Agent
- File your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization
- Create your Massachusetts LLC Operating Agreement
- Get an EIN for your Massachusetts LLC
Step 1: Name your Massachusetts LLC
Choosing your name can be one of the most challenging parts of starting your Massachusetts LLC. You’ll have to choose a name that’s not already in use by another Massachusetts LLC or restricted by the state.
The rules for naming your Massachusetts limited liability company are as follows:
- Your name cannot mislead people into thinking the Massachusetts LLC was set up by the government or is a federal government agency.
- The name can’t be too similar to another Massachusetts company’s
- Your name has to end with an LLC designator (LLC, LTD., etc.)
- You may need to fill out additional paperwork if you want to use certain words in your Massachusetts LLC name, including bank, trust, trustee, incorporated, Inc., and corporation.
- If you want to see if a specific LLC name is available, you can run a business name search on the Business Entity Search page of the Massachusetts state website.
☞ Search Massachusetts Business Database
After choosing the perfect name for your new Massachusetts business, you can also secure a good domain name. A domain name is also helpful if you want a business email address @yourllc.com.We recommend using Namecheap to register your domain. They have great prices, fast service, and an easy-to-use website.
☞ Check if your domain name is available
Step 2: Choose your Massachusetts Resident Agent
Before you form your LLC in Massachusetts, you’ll need to appoint a resident agent with a physical street address in the state of Massachusetts. This person or entity would be responsible for receiving essential documents on your behalf if anything happened that would require that sort of thing (lawsuits, etc.). You can name yourself as your Massachusetts resident agent, but that isn’t advisable because you would not be able to claim any anonymity.
What is a Resident Agent?
A Massachusetts resident agent is an individual or business entity that agrees to accept the service of process on behalf of a Limited Liability Company.
When you create a Limited Liability Company in Massachusetts, the State of Massachusetts requires that this resident agent be appointed for your LLC to become effective. The Massachusetts Secretary of State’s Office will not file your Certificate of Organization unless you designate a resident agent on your application form.
Who can be a Resident Agent in Massachusetts?
For a resident agent, you can select a person or an organization. The individual can be a Massachusetts resident, a Massachusetts corporation, or a non-Massachusetts corporation with a business presence in Massachusetts.
You can also use a Massachusetts resident agent service to appoint a resident agent and obtain a business address. Services such as Zenbusiness and Northwest Registered Agent offer this service as a feature of some of their packages when you register a Massachusetts company with them.
What does a Resident Agent in Massachusetts do?
A resident agent in Massachusetts is available during normal business hours to accept important documents and notices on behalf of your LLC. These can be official court papers such as lawsuits or service of process documents that will require the resident agent’s signature.
A resident agent is not responsible for the management of your Massachusetts LLC, nor are they required to do anything with the documents once they are received at their business address except for filing them under Massachusetts law.
Step 3: File your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization
You’ve chosen your Massachusetts name and appointed a resident agent, and now it’s time to create your LLC and become a recognized legal entity.
Before filing, you will need to decide between a member-managed and manager-managed LLC. The members run a member-managed LLC, while a designated manager runs a manager-managed LLC.
To start an LLC in Massachusetts, you’ll need to file your Certificate of Organization with the Massachusetts Secretary of State, which can be done online. The online filing fee is $500, and a person must file this with authority to do so on behalf of the Massachusetts LLC.
File your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization Online
You’ll need the following documents to submit your papers:
- The official name of your Massachusetts LLC
- A brief description of the purpose of your Massachusetts LLC
- Your Massachusetts LLC’s street address
- Your Massachusetts resident agent’s name and address
- The signature of your resident agent
- Your LLC’s authorized person’s signature
- Your return address
You can submit your Certificate of Organization through Massachusetts’s online business filing system.
☞ File your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization Online
File your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization by Mail
If you choose not to file online, you can also mail your Certificate of Organization to the Secretary of State. The filing fee is $500 and a person must sign the formation documents with authority to do so on behalf of your Massachusetts LLC. You’ll need the download the filing form and mail it.
☞ Download your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization Filing Form
William Francis Galvin
Secretary of the Commonwealth
One Ashburton Place, Room 1717
Boston, MA 02108
Step 4: Create your Massachusetts LLC Operating Agreement
After filing your Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization, you will want to create an Operating Agreement.
An operating agreement is an internal document that sets out the internal rules of your Massachusetts LLC. These rules address issues such as how LLC owners will spend the money, whether voting takes place within your business, what happens if someone wants to sell their interest in the company etc.
Massachusetts does not require an LLC to have an operating agreement, but it is recommended that you create one. An operating agreement ensures that all members know and understand their roles within the company. If they ever need to take legal action, they will show a court of law that the company functions as more than just an unincorporated association.
This operating agreement should be thorough but concise, outlining everything you want to include regarding the membership responsibilities of your Massachusetts LLC, so there are no misunderstandings down the line.
The operating agreement will also be necessary when you open a business bank account in Massachusetts.
Step 5: Get an EIN for your Massachusetts LLC
An EIN, or Employer Identification Number, is a unique number that the IRS issues to businesses for tax purposes. An EIN is like your business’s social security number. You can use it to file state or federal-level tax returns and financial statements with different government agencies or open a business bank account.
An EIN is required for several reasons. First, as mentioned above, it is needed to open a business bank account for your Massachusetts LLC. You will also need an EIN to hire employees, as it is used on employment tax forms. Finally, an EIN is often required when filing your business taxes.
After you receive your EIN, you will be informed of your Massachusetts LLC’s various tax classification options.
Applying for an EIN is a straightforward process. You can do it online at the IRS website. Alternatively, you may download and complete form SS-4 and then mail it to:
Internal Revenue Service
Attn: EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999
Applying for an EIN for your business is free of charge.
Massachusetts LLC Processing Time
Online filings usually take 1-2 business days for the state of Massachusetts to process your Certificate of Organization and approve your LLC.
If you choose to file by mail, the processing time is approximately 1-2 business days.
Massachusetts LLC Frequently Asked Questions
How much does it cost to start an LLC in Massachusetts?
The online filing fee is $500, and the mail filing fee is $500 in Massachusetts.
How do I set up an LLC in Massachusetts?
Step 1: Choose a name for your Massachusetts LLC
Step 2: Choose a Massachusetts Resident Agent
Step 3: File the Certificate of Organization
Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement
Step 5: Get an EIN
Is there an annual fee for LLC in Massachusetts?
The annual filing fee is $500 in the state of Massachusetts.
How long does it take to start an LLC in Massachusetts?
It takes 1-2 business days to start an LLC in Massachusetts when filing by mail and 1-2 business days when filing online.